In the preceding posts on this web page, you read about a few aspects related to the world of history, such as anthropology, linguistics, biology, topology and astrophysics. What many people may be unaware of is that the genetic material of virtually every organism on this planet contains a nearly infinite number of information and historical facts gathered since the beginning of time. In this sense, history (which originates from the Greek word “historia”) has been rather accurately labeled, together with philosophy, as the mother of all sciences.
The word history in Greek means inquiry or knowledge attained through investigation. That is exactly what nature does. However, instead of archiving or classifying that information in libraries, books, pages, or virtual web pages like human beings do, the way biology has to investigate and obtain knowledge is by classifying and storing that info in a different way, through genetic material on a molecular level. DNA is indeed a molecule that contains all the genetic information of all living organisms on this planet and even viruses. DNA is basically molecules of nucleic acid, proteins, lipids and even carbohydrates.
In DNA, one can find information about diseases, reproduction, evolution, climate adaptation, growth, development, defense mechanisms, survival, etc. That is how a young animal who has never come to encounter or face a predator before in his or her life will most likely flee the scene immediately, thanks to the instinct contained in their genetic material that will tell them that there is danger and to run for their lives, even if they consciously may not be aware of why they are scared and running away from their potential predator. That is also why, generally, animals are aware of certain fruits, plants, seeds and fungi that are not edible or may be poisonous, even without having anyone having taught that to them before.